Hey everyone, Josh here again for another Monday Money post! Last week, I talked about what I learned while investing over the past month or so. One of the main points was that due to inflation, when my money is sitting in a financial savings account, I’m actually loosing purchasing power. However, if I was to invest that money and earn a high rate of interest (such as with Betterment), I could be earning purchasing power. At the end of the article, I came to the conclusion that I was going to put all of my savings into investments. Of course, I asked you, my readers what you thought about that.
And, that’s where my plan got derailed. In comment after comment, you all showed me the error in my thinking. See, I figured that if I’m losing money by keeping it in savings, then it would be better to keep all of my money in Motley Fool picks. Then, I read the comments that brought a key point up. High yield investments are also high risk. So, if I put all of my savings into high yield investment accounts, there’s a chance that I may loose all of my liquid funds if the market takes a plunge.
That being said, quite a few of you said that you set a specific cap for your savings account and keep it as close to that cap as possible. When cash bleeds over the cap, most of you put that money into investments and allow it to work for you. That way, you’re not losing too much to inflation, and, in the unfortunate case that the market takes a turn for the worst, you still have liquid assets available in savings for emergencies.
So, this brings up another thing that we really need to think about. How much money should be kept in a savings account before you invest in stocks, mutual funds, or the like? Obviously, we don’t want too keep too much money there and fall prey to inflation. On the other hand, we don’t want to keep too little money in savings, and not have enough money available should an emergency arise.
Keeping this issue in mind, I’ve spent the spare time I’ve had in the last week or so jumping from one blog to another to see what the pros are saying with regard to how much money should be kept in savings. In my reading, I’ve come across articles that give flat amounts like $5,000 or $10,000, and I’ve come across articles that give ideas like, “Save enough to keep you afloat for 3 months if something were to happen.” Those tend to range from 3 months worth of income to 6 to 9 and even some say to keep a year worth of income in savings. But, what’s the best way to go?
Well, when it comes to questions like this, there is no such thing as a one size fits all answer. Although, I would say not to go with a set amount like $5,000 or $10,000. This is because we all have different income levels. $10,000 may seem like a lot to me, but to you, it may be a drop in a bucket! That being said, I think it’s best to go with saving up enough money to get you through for several months.
How many months worth of income you decide to keep in your savings account is really up to you. Much of your final decision is going to be based only personal preference. No matter what I say here, you’re going to need to feel comfortable with the liquid assets you have available to you. However, I can say that it’s a bad idea to keep less than 6 months worth of income in savings. Anything over that should be fine.
The reason I say half a year’s worth of income should be a minimum is really based on survival after being laid off. I’ve read several stories that talk about people who were laid off. They had a few months worth of income saved up, but it wasn’t enough. These people took 6 months or so to find a job, but only had the money available to survive for 2 or 3 months. In these cases, these people relied on family and friends to get through the rest. Because I’d never want to be in that position, and I’m sure you wouldn’t want to either, I strongly suggest keeping at least 6 months worth of income in a liquid savings account. Anything over that limit should be invested in a more high yield option.
Now I’d Like To Hear From You
Thanks for reading. As always, this column is an open forum and your comments are welcome. That being said, if you can point out any errors in my thinking here, feel free to do so in a comment below. I love to learn! Also, I’d like to know what your savings cap is. Don’t worry about giving a dollar amount, but if you’d share how many months worth of income you put in savings before looking for high yield opportunities, I’d greatly appreciate it! Thanks again everyone!
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29 thoughts on “How Much Money Should You Have In Savings Before You Invest?”
Depends on our lifestyle and how many people are in the family. We must always have savings and emergency fund to fall back on in case our investment did not go as planned and we must only invest what we can bear to part with, because the moment we put our money in an investment, we lose full control of it.
We have only a couple thousand in savings account. Everything else gets invested. We don’t have rental real estate so all our investments are liquid to the extent that we can sell stock or bonds and have the proceeds in a few days.
I have no money for emergency. I am all invested. I am not sure how much I believe in emergency fund unless you are self employed and you have to plan for it. I have investments and I cannot stand not seeing my money work for me.
A leaky roof should not require using the emergency fund as you should be aware and so forth. That’s what home ownership is about.
Everyone’s situation is different and it’s really about your situation and many times, it’s about your employable skills.
What’s more important in my opinion is to NOT increase your life style as your income grows as you become chain to higher and higher income. That’s when trouble can come in because you will look towards debt you can service.
I think it also depends on age and on the type of work you do. A loss of a job when you are in your 50’s can be permanent, whether you think so or not. Also, losing a job in the high paying manufacturing companies that are closing may take folks a while to figure out there are not many high paying jobs around to have. Unless you are in a job that is highly sought after, you may need to exchange your career for another at a much reduced pay. 3 or 6 months savings won’t last long.
We only have very little saved right now for small emergency like car repairs. But since we have pretty big debt load, we’re focusing on paying off debt right now. We’ll gradually increase the savings and once we’re debt free, we’ll probably keep 3 month expense amount. Once the house is bought, probably increase it to 6 months.
I agree- there is no “one size fits all” emergency fund and there are a myriad of factors, including circumstance, personality types, and spending habits. Currently my husband and I have three months worth of “necessities” (mortgage, food, essential bills) saved up. However, we’re thinking of reducing the EF and investing money; kind of opposite of what is recommended, but I share the same line of thought as moneystepper above.
My views on this are a little bit different…I think its important that invest as much as possible in safe, but liquid assets. For example if you have savings bonds or high quality corporate bonds, your assets are as good as cash.
One thing you want to avoid is keeping a lot of your cash on the sidelines doing nothing when market conditions and opportunities would dictate that you should be invested.
My OCD-ish personality requires that I point out that “loose” means something that isn’t tight. I think you meant to use the word “lose”, as in something that is lost (in this case, cash).
Depends on where in the investment process you are. My advice is to keep 1 month’s expenses in a savings account. The next step would be to gradually invest in Series I savings bonds so you have some inflation protection and money you can withdraw with penalties after a year. Students should have 3 months expenses in liquid assets. Families should have at least 6 months.