Master the Symmetrical Triangle Chart Pattern

Jeremy BiberdorfBy: Jeremy Biberdorf

May 27, 2024May 27, 2024

The symmetrical triangle pattern is a significant tool in technical analysis, marked by its distinctive converging trendlines and narrowing price range. It serves as a continuation pattern, typically preceding a substantial breakout that continues the prior trend.

Understanding the symmetrical triangle’s implications is crucial for traders because it provides vital insights into potential market moves, whether bullish or bearish, allowing them to anticipate breakouts and position themselves accordingly.

Structure and Market Psychology

Key Characteristics

  • Converging Trendlines: The symmetrical triangle pattern is defined by two trendlines converging toward a single point. The upper trendline connects progressively lower highs, while the lower trendline connects progressively higher lows.
  • Narrowing Price Range: The pattern’s converging trendlines reflect a narrowing price range, where the price oscillations become progressively smaller over time.
  • Breakout Potential: The pattern is neutral, meaning that it can break out in either direction, following the prevailing trend.

Market Psychology

  • Market Indecision: The narrowing price range reflects market indecision, with buyers and sellers converging toward a balance point.
  • Pressure Buildup: As the trading range tightens, it builds pressure, leading to a significant breakout once either buyers or sellers gain the upper hand.

Identifying the Symmetrical Triangle Pattern

Steps to Identify the Pattern

1. Recognize Converging Trendlines:

Identify two trendlines that converge toward a single point. The upper trendline should connect progressively lower highs, and the lower one connects progressively higher lows.

2. Confirm Higher Lows and Lower Highs:

Confirm the pattern’s convergence by checking for higher lows and lower highs, indicating that the price range is narrowing.

3.  Analyze Pattern Duration:

The pattern usually forms over several weeks to a few months. Patterns that are too short may not provide reliable breakouts.

Symmetrical Triangle Chart Pattern

Improve Your Trading Strategy

Entry Points

  • Breakout Entry: Entering a trade after a confirmed breakout in either direction is the most common strategy. This approach leverages the momentum of the breakout to capture the majority of the move.
  • Anticipating Breakout Direction: Advanced traders analyze momentum indicators to predict the direction of the breakout, positioning themselves early for potentially higher profits.

Stop-Loss Settings

For bullish breakouts, set stop-losses below the lower trendline. For bearish breakouts, place them above the upper trendline to minimize the risk from false signals.

Profit Targets

Measure the height of the pattern from the highest point on the upper trendline to the lowest point on the lower trendline. Project this distance from the breakout point to estimate profit targets.

These trading approaches offer a practical guide for navigating symmetrical triangle patterns and capturing the opportunities they present. The next sections will provide further insights into using technical indicators, comparing the pattern with similar formations, and leveraging advanced trading tools.

Integrate Technical Indicators to Ensure Success

To enhance the predictive power of the symmetrical triangle pattern, integrating it with technical indicators is vital.

Moving Averages

Moving averages are a great starting point, as they confirm the broader trend direction and validate the breakout. If the price is above the 50-day and 200-day moving averages, this suggests that the prevailing trend is bullish, and a breakout to the upside would align with this trend.


The RSI (Relative Strength Index) offers insight into overbought or oversold conditions, which can hint at the direction of the breakout. An RSI reading above 70 before the breakout suggests the market might be overbought, indicating a possible bearish reversal. Conversely, an RSI below 30 points to an oversold market, suggesting a bullish reversal.

Learn More About RSI Divergence


MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) is another essential tool for identifying momentum shifts. A bullish MACD crossover, where the MACD line crosses above the signal line, supports the likelihood of a bullish breakout. Conversely, a bearish crossover strengthens the case for a downward move.


Volume analysis is critical when trading symmetrical triangles. A breakout confirmed by significant volume increases confidence in the pattern’s direction. Rising volume before the breakout is another bullish sign, suggesting strong market interest, while declining volume may indicate a lack of conviction in the move.

Other Patterns You Should Know

Understanding other chart patterns can help differentiate the symmetrical triangle and its unique implications.

Ascending Triangle

The ascending triangle, with its horizontal resistance and upward-sloping support, differs by suggesting a predominantly bullish breakout. It signifies accumulating buying pressure that eventually breaks through the resistance.

Learn More About Ascending Triangle

Descending Triangle

The descending triangle, in contrast, features a horizontal support line and downward-sloping resistance. This pattern indicates that sellers are in control and that a bearish breakdown is likely.

Learn More About Descending Triangle

Rising Wedge

Rising wedges differ from symmetrical triangles by showing converging trendlines sloping upward, signaling a bearish reversal. The narrowing price range suggests that the uptrend is losing momentum, and a breakdown is imminent.

Learn More About Rising Wedge

Broadening Wedge

The broadening wedge pattern, unlike symmetrical triangles, features diverging trendlines that create an expanding price range. This pattern indicates heightened market volatility and uncertainty, with the potential for significant price swings in either direction.

Learn More About The Broadening Wedge

Improve your overall trading strategy – learn about more patterns here.

Helpful Trading Tools

Using advanced trading tools like TradingView and TrendSpider can significantly enhance your ability to identify and analyze symmetrical triangle patterns.


TradingView offers an extensive suite of advanced charting tools that make spotting these patterns straightforward. Its drawing tools let you outline the pattern accurately, while its alerts and notifications ensure you never miss a breakout opportunity.

Learn More About TradingView


TrendSpider, with its automated pattern recognition feature, allows traders to identify symmetrical triangles quickly and accurately. Its backtesting capabilities enable you to test strategies using historical data, refining your approach to symmetrical triangles over time. Additionally, TrendSpider’s advanced charting tools, such as heat maps and multi-timeframe analysis, provide comprehensive insights into the pattern’s formation and implications.

Learn More About TrendSpider

Final Thoughts on Symmetrical Triangle Chart Pattern

The symmetrical triangle chart pattern is a versatile technical tool that signifies market indecision and the buildup of pressure before a breakout. Recognizing and understanding this pattern is crucial for traders seeking to anticipate significant market moves and position themselves accordingly.

By integrating technical indicators and utilizing advanced trading tools, traders can enhance the pattern’s predictive power and improve their trading strategies.

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Jeremy Biberdorf
Jeremy Biberdorf

About the Author:

Jeremy Biberdorf is the founder of Modest Money. He's a father of 2 beautiful girls, a dog owner, a long-time online entrepreneur and an investing enthusiast.

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