Mastering the Pennant Candlestick Pattern

Jeremy BiberdorfBy: Jeremy Biberdorf

May 24, 2024May 24, 2024

The Pennant pattern is an important technical indicator that traders use to identify continuation patterns within strong market trends. This pattern forms when a significant price movement enters a consolidation phase, creating a pattern that signals the continuation of the trend.

Understanding and effectively utilizing the Pennant pattern can help you make strategic trading decisions, capitalizing on trend continuations.

Definition and Characteristics

What Is the Pennant Pattern?

The Pennant pattern is a continuation pattern characterized by converging trend lines that form a small symmetrical triangle. The pattern occurs after a significant price movement, known as the flagpole, which leads to a brief consolidation phase before the trend continues in the same direction.

Pennant Candlestick Pattern

Flag vs. Pennant

While the Pennant pattern and Flag pattern are similar in signaling continuation, the main distinction lies in the pattern’s shape:

  • Flag: Features a somewhat rectangular shape with almost parallel trendlines and does not necessarily converge to a point.
  • Pennant: The Pennant forms a symmetrical triangle shape with trendlines that converge towards a single point, indicating a tighter consolidation.

Market Psychology Behind the Pennant Pattern

The Pennant pattern signifies a temporary pause in the market after a strong price movement, reflecting market psychology:

  • Buyers and Sellers Consolidation: The consolidation phase indicates a temporary equilibrium between buyers and sellers before the trend continues.
  • Bullish Pennant: Following a sharp upward movement, traders lock in profits, while others anticipate further buying pressure, resulting in a consolidation phase.
    Learn more about Bullish Pennant
  • Bearish Pennant: After a significant downward move, traders cover shorts or pause selling to await further bearish pressure, leading to consolidation.
    Learn more about Bearish Pennant

Steps to Identify the Pennant Pattern

To identify the Pennant pattern on trading charts:

  • Find the Flagpole: Identify the initial sharp price movement (upward or downward) leading to consolidation.
  • Identify the Pennant: Look for a symmetrical triangle where the trendlines converge to a point, representing the consolidation.
  • Confirm the Breakout: The pattern is confirmed when the price breaks out of the triangle, continuing in the direction of the initial trend.
  • Multiple Timeframes: Verify the pattern across multiple timeframes to ensure that the signal aligns with the broader market trend.

Spotting these features will help you accurately identify the Pennant pattern and execute informed trading strategies. Utilize a tool like TrendSpider for automated technical analysis and never miss these chart patterns.

Trading Strategies for the Pennant Pattern

The Bullish Pennant and the Bearish Pennant have distinct strategies for success. Here’s a guide to help you navigate:

Bullish Pennant Trading Strategy

  • Entry Point: Enter long positions after the price breaks out above the upper trendline of the Pennant with significant volume. This breakout confirms that the uptrend is likely to continue.
  • Stop-Loss Settings: Place stop-loss orders below the lower trendline of the Pennant to protect against sudden reversals. This placement will limit potential losses if the breakout turns out to be false.
  • Profit Targets: Calculate the projected price movement by measuring the length of the flagpole and applying that distance from the breakout point.

Bearish Pennant Strategy

  • Entry Point: Enter short positions after the price breaks down below the lower trendline of the Pennant with high volume. This breakdown confirms the continuation of the downtrend.
  • Stop-Loss Settings: Set stop-loss orders above the upper trendline of the Pennant to limit your risk. This will protect your position if the market reverses unexpectedly.
  • Profit Targets: Measure the length of the flagpole and apply that distance down from the breakout point to set your profit target.

Other Patterns to Know

To enhance your trading strategy, consider these additional patterns:

Learn about many more key chart patterns to help improve your awareness and trading strategy – check out our comprehensive guide to master trading chart patterns.

Complementary Technical Indicators

Use these indicators to validate Pennant patterns:

  • Volume Analysis: Rising volume during the breakout or breakdown validates the pattern, signaling strong participation in the move.
  • Moving Averages: Use the 50-day and 200-day moving averages to confirm the broader trend direction. The Pennant pattern aligning with these averages strengthens its reliability.
  • RSI (Relative Strength Index): An RSI reading that aligns with the trend direction of the Pennant pattern can strengthen its signal.
    Learn More About RSI Divergence

Trading Tools to Master the Pattern


TradingView offers advanced charting tools to identify and analyze Pennant patterns effectively. Customize your charts and set alerts to monitor for these patterns.

Learn More About TradingView


TrendSpider provides automated technical analysis, making it easier to screen for Pennant patterns across multiple markets. Its automated pattern recognition can help you find trading opportunities.

Learn More About TrendSpider

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

  • Misjudging False Breakouts: False breakouts can result in losses. Wait for significant volume to confirm the breakout before trading.
  • Ignoring Market Context: Consider the broader market context to avoid misinterpreting signals. A bullish Pennant pattern in a strong downtrend might not yield reliable trades.
  • Confusing with Other Patterns: The Pennant can sometimes be confused with triangles or symmetrical triangles. Make sure the pattern has a flagpole and converging trendlines.

Real-World Examples of Pennant Patterns in Action

1. Bullish Pennant Leading to a Rally

In a stock market rally, a stock formed a bullish Pennant pattern after a strong upward movement. The stock consolidated within the Pennant and then broke out upwards, continuing its rally.

2. Bearish Pennant Signals a Downtrend

A company experienced a significant downtrend, consolidating into a bearish Pennant pattern. The stock broke below the Pennant, leading to further declines.

Master the Pennant Pattern for Success

The Pennant pattern is a powerful tool for identifying trend continuations. Understanding its structure and combining it with complementary indicators can significantly enhance your trading strategies. Master the Pennant pattern and refine your trading approach for consistent success.

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Jeremy Biberdorf
Jeremy Biberdorf

About the Author:

Jeremy Biberdorf is the founder of Modest Money. He's a father of 2 beautiful girls, a dog owner, a long-time online entrepreneur and an investing enthusiast.

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